Leishmaniasis: sharp increase reported in northeast Syria


news desk @infectiousdiseasenews

Northeastern Syria, which is controlled by the ‘Syrian Democratic Forces’ (SDF), is seeing a sharp rise in the number of leishmaniasis cases, according to a report by Asia News, and infections have been concentrated in the countryside eastern Deir Ez-Zor and the countryside of Hasaka near the Khabur River.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis/CDC

According to Hinoud Ibrahim, the person responsible for the treatment of people with leishmaniasis at the medical point of the NGO “Kurdish Red Crescent”, the number of registered cases of the disease in the Khabur region has reached more than 16,500 cases since August 2021. and until the end of 2021. .

She added that “Lakerin Hospital” sees around 100 patients daily with leishmaniasis, which are tiny parasites that are usually transmitted to the body through the bite of an infected female sandfly.

She pointed out that the treatment currently available for patients with leishmaniasis is an injection of glucantime, after carrying out a clinical or laboratory examination, to determine the type of injection that the patient will take, either intramuscularly or under the skin.

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease found in parts of the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe. Leishmaniasis is caused by infection with Leishmania parasites, which are spread by the bite of infected sandflies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis in humans. The most common forms are cutaneous leishmaniasis, which causes skin lesions, and visceral leishmaniasis, which affects several internal organs (usually the spleen, liver and bone marrow).

People with cutaneous leishmaniasis who develop clinical signs of infection have one or more sores on their skin. Sores can change in size and appearance over time. Sores can start as papules (bumps) or nodules (large) and can end in ulcers (like a volcano, with a raised rim and a central crater); skin ulcers may be covered with scabs or crusts. The sores are usually painless but can be painful.

There is no vaccine available to prevent leishmaniasis. The best way is to avoid sandfly bites.

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