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According to the World Health Organization (WHO), since the beginning of this year 2022 until February 28, 2022, a total of 33 suspected cases of Lassa fever including 17 confirmed and 5 deaths (lethality 15.2%) have been reported in Liberia.
Confirmed cases were reported in: Bong County (5 cases and 0 deaths); Grand Bassa County (5 cases and 1 death) and Nimba County (7 cases and 4 deaths). A total of 36 contacts are being followed up.
Lassa fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted to humans through contact with food or household items contaminated by rodents infected with the Lassa fever virus. Person-to-person transmission can also occur, particularly in a hospital environment where infection control measures are inadequate.
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Lassa fever initially presents like any other febrile illness such as malaria. Its symptoms include fever, headache, sore throat, general body weakness, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, chest pain, and in severe cases , inexplicable bleeding from the ears, eyes, nose, mouth and other body openings. The time between infection and the appearance of symptoms of the disease is 3 to 21 days. Early treatment and diagnosis increase the chances of survival.