Eastern equine encephalitis reported in Antwerp, New York horse



news desk @bactiman63

Jefferson County Public Health was notified by the New York State Department of Health that an unvaccinated 6-year-old horse who died in the city of Antwerp tested positive for equine encephalitis. eastern (EEE, Triple E). Results are pending for another horse residing in the city of Orleans who had similar symptoms. Latest lab-confirmed positive EEE cases in Jefferson County horses
took place in 2020.

Image/markusspiske

Antwerp is located in upstate New York, approximately 90 miles north of Syracuse.

EEE is very rare but serious. Mosquitoes infected with the EEE virus (EEEV) can infect people, horses and
other mammals, some birds, reptiles and amphibians. Approximately 5-10 human cases of EEE are reported each
year in the United States Five cases of EEE in people in New York State have been reported since 1971. These
cases were reported in 1971, 1983, 2009, 2010, and 2011 and occurred in Oswego and Onondaga counties. All five cases died.

The risk of contracting EEE is highest from late July to September. Those most at risk of developing severe disease are those over 50 and under 15. There is no specific treatment available for EEE.

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To keep your yard free of standing water to reduce the mosquito population near your home:

 Discard outer containers, ceramic pots or containers with water
 Remove all tires from your property
 Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers that are kept outside
 Clean clogged gutters and ensure they continue to function properly
 Turn over wheelbarrows and paddling pools when not in use
 Change birdbath water at least every four days
 Remove vegetation and debris from the edges of the ponds
 Clean chlorinated swimming pools, outdoor saunas and hot tubs
 Drain water from pool covers
 Use landscaping to eliminate low spots where standing water collects

Horse owners should speak to their veterinarian about vaccination against IAS.