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In January 2022, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) had 142,383 suspected cases of typhoid fever, including 45 deaths.
About 1.4 million cases of typhoid were reported in 2021.
Typhoid fever, caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi, is a potentially fatal bacterial infection. Typhoid fever is still common in developing countries, where it affects around 21 million people each year.
Salmonella typhi lives only in humans. People with typhoid fever are carriers of the bacteria in their blood circulation and intestinal tract. In addition, a small number of people, called porters, recover from typhoid fever but Continue to transport the bacteria. Sick people and carriers shed S. typhi in their feces.
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You can catch typhoid fever if you to eat food or drink beverages that have been handled by someone loss S. typhi or if sewage contaminated with S. typhi enters the water you use for drinking or washing food. Therefore, typhoid fever is more common in areas of the world where handwashing is less frequent and water is likely to be contaminated with sewage.